A good music is an accompaniment of many musical instruments playing in unison, producing an enchanting musical sound. We have seen music grow and develop from time to time. Music had been there in the early lives, but it is very much different from our modern music. When we talk about music, musical instrument is a part of it. “A musical instrument is an instrument created to make musical sounds”. So in a simple explanation, any thing or any object that creates or produces sound can be a musical instrument. In early years, men used musical instruments while performing rituals or any religious ceremony. The date and origin of the first musical instrument is hard to say, but scholars believed that musical instruments like a simple flute are the first to be used. This topic is disputed and hard to prove because early musical instruments were made of bones, woods, animal skins, etc. which are non-durable.
Discussing and debating on the date and origin of musical instruments are not that necessary. All we know is that it had been there and it is all that matters. From time to time generation to generation, music had evolved; so did musical instruments have. Starting from a simple flute or a one stringed musical instrument, today we see hundreds and thousands of different musical instruments today. Music and musical instruments grow hand in hand; one cannot grow without the other. Music had evolved from time to time and today we see or find many music genres different from each other. Examples are like Rock, Pop, Alternative, Country, Classical, R&B and many more. These genres are again divided into numbers of sub-genres. Each genre is different from each other in one way or the other; so does their music is. A musical instrument defines each music genre and differentiates it from others. It can be said that musical instruments are the backbone of any music genre.
Important and Popular Musical Instruments of Today
Of the many musical instruments available today, some of them are very important and bands or artists cannot survive or become successful without them. Mentioned below are the most important musical instruments in every music genre.
Electric guitar was first invented in the year 1931. It is a musical instruments with strings attached to produce musical sounds. But unlike hollow guitars, electric guitar converts the vibration of its strings into electric impulses using a pickup. The sound signal generated by it is amplified; and the sound signal may be easily altered using effects such as distortion and reverb. This electric musical instrument is capable of multitude of sounds and styles; allowing the artist to produce music of any kind. An electric guitar became a necessity for a band; to amplify the sound and get the crowd’s attention. During the 1950s and 1960s, electric guitar is widely used and plays an important role in many music genres including Rock and Roll, Pop, etc. Electric guitars are modified and newer models are manufactured from time to time. Electric guitar can be used as the main rhythm guitar for giving the right chords or it can be used as a lead guitar for performing guitar solos or perform a melodic lines.
Drum is another musical instrument that has a rich history and its origin dates back to the early days. A membrane or what we call drumhead or drumskin is stretched over a shell; and when struck with either the players own hand or drum sticks, it produces sound. Drums are modified and developed from time to time and now we have a set of drums that produces different sounds, which is played by just one person. Drum is an important musical instrument as it leads and maintains the rhythm throughout the song. Drums are used by all music genres but music genres like rock, alternative, hard punk, pop, etc cannot survive without it.
A bass guitar is also a stringed musical instrument that is very similar with an electric guitar. A bass guitar has 4 to 5 strings; the most common one being the 4 stringed bass guitar. A bass guitar produces a low musical sound (one octave lower than the four lowest pitched strings of a guitar). Just like an electric guitar, it uses an electric pickup and is plugged into an amplifier and speaker to produce musical sound. The role of bass guitar in the field of music is very important as it sets up the harmonic framework and establishes the beat. Bass lays down rhythm and establishes the chord progressions that the whole song is built on. Bass guitar is an essential musical instrument in every genre like rock, pop, punk, metal, country, blues, jazz, and many more.
A piano is another important musical instrument. The original grand piano has a row of 88 black and white keys and is generally not portable. Pressing each key produces different sounds. Now we find piano of different kinds and designs. It is classified into electric, electronic and digital pianos. This instrument is widely used in classical and jazz music; apart from using it on many other music genres. It can be used in many different ways like giving a solo performance, chamber music, leading the choir, music accompaniment in any song, for composing song or rehearsal, etc. It is a good musical instrument as you can play any song you like on the piano and it has many features in store for you. It provides a good musical background, lifts the harmony and helps express the music in a better way. It is an important instrument in all music genres.
Acoustic guitar is the simplest form and commonly used musical instrument of modern time, perhaps an upgrade from Tingteila (music instrument) of the Naga tribe, but indeed very basic . It is a stringed instrument that has generally 6 strings. Unlike electric guitar, it uses only acoustic means to produce musical sound. The main source of the sound comes from the string. The sound waves produced by the string are directed through the body of the guitar to produce or create louder sound. This instrument needs no amplification; it produces the music on its own. It generally has a hollow body for better and louder sound production. Acoustic guitars are of many designs and today we find acoustic guitar that can be amplified by using pickup or microphone. Since acoustic guitar usually produces sound on its own, the sound is original without any distortions. It fits gracefully and adds harmony with any music genre adding rhythm to any song. It can be a useful musical instrument in any music genre.
There are a whole lot of musical instruments available today. Music is a very vast subject and so it gave rise to numbers of music genre. Each genre has their different styles of music, rhythm, singing style, etc. This again gave rise to the invention or modification of many musical instruments. Musical instruments will grow when music grow and vice versa. Other popular and important musical instruments will include violin, trumpet, flute, banjo, harmonica, saxophone, clarinet, and many more.